Religious Freedom in Indonesia: Worldview of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika for Multicultural Education



religious freedom, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, multicultural education, worldview


This study looks into issues facing Indonesian multicultural education and offers solutions based on the worldview of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. The study tries to clarify how Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’s worldview applies to the nation’s rich history, numerous tribes, nations, races, worldviews, including customs. The worldview is deeply established in the historical background of the Majapahit Kingdom and deeply embedded in Indonesia’s identity as the world’s largest Muslim nation; it can serve as a foundation for promoting religious freedom and building a peaceful, multicultural society for multicultural education.


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How to Cite

Tanasyah, Yusak, Bobby Kurnia Putrawan, and Ester Agustini Tandana. 2024. “Religious Freedom in Indonesia: Worldview of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika for Multicultural Education”. Theology and Philosophy of Education 3 (1):12–19.



Peer-reviewed Article